Listing Agent Error Logs in SQL Server

Hello everyone,

In this article, I will try to give information about listing Agent error logs in SQL Server.

In SQL Server, in some cases, you may want to list Agent error Logs. The following TSQL codes will search all available SQL Server Error Logs or SQL Server Agent Error Logs. You can also narrow the result set by searching for the second thing you want to search for in the first results list.

You can easily do this using the code below.

/*============================================================================
 
This script will search all available SQL Server Error Log or SQL Server Agent Error Log
for a string.  You can narrow the result set by seraching for a second string with in the first result set.
 
@logFileType= 1 for SQL Server Error Log, 2 for SQL Server Agent Error Log
@searchString1 =any string to search for
@searchString2 =filter the search result further
@start =search start from, if NULL all files will be searched.
@end   =search end at,   if NULL all files will be searched.
@sortOrder = by default ascending, use 'desc' if you need the result in descending order.
 
Instruction to run this script
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
Example of variable values
DECLARE @logFileType smallint        = 1 --Default to SQL Server Error Log, 2 =for SQL Server Agent Error Log
DECLARE @searchString1 nvarchar(256) = N'cpu'
DECLARE @searchString2 nvarchar(256) = N'condition'
DECLARE @start datetime              = NULL --'2017-08-05 09:37'
DECLARE @end datetime                = NULL   --'2017-08-05 10:37'
DECLARE @sortOrder nvarchar (4)      = N'desc' --or N'asc'
 
============================================================================*/

DECLARE @logFileType SMALLINT = 1; --Default to SQL Server Error Log, 2 =for SQL Server Agent Error Log
DECLARE @searchString1 NVARCHAR(256) = N'requests taking longer than 15 seconds to complete'; --NULL will output everything
DECLARE @searchString2 NVARCHAR(256) = NULL; --NULL
DECLARE @start DATETIME = NULL; --'2017-08-05 09:37'  --Start of search, if NULL start from available log file
DECLARE @end DATETIME = NULL; --'2017-08-05 10:37'    --End of search, if NULL till the end of available log file
DECLARE @sortOrder NVARCHAR(4) = N'desc'; --or N'asc'
DECLARE @logno INT = 0;
DECLARE @ErrorLog NVARCHAR(4000);
DECLARE @ErrorLogPath NVARCHAR(4000);
DECLARE @NumberOfLogfiles INT;

DECLARE @FileList AS TABLE
(
    subdirectory NVARCHAR(4000) NOT NULL,
    DEPTH BIGINT NOT NULL,
    [FILE] BIGINT NOT NULL
);

IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb..#errorlog') IS NOT NULL
    DROP TABLE #errorlog;

CREATE TABLE #errorLog
(
    LogDate DATETIME,
    PrcessInfo VARCHAR(20),
    [Text] NVARCHAR(4000)
);

SELECT @ErrorLog = CAST(SERVERPROPERTY(N'errorlogfilename') AS NVARCHAR(4000));
SELECT @ErrorLogPath = SUBSTRING(@ErrorLog, 1, LEN(@ErrorLog) - CHARINDEX(N'\', REVERSE(@ErrorLog))) + N'\';

INSERT INTO @FileList
EXEC xp_dirtree @ErrorLogPath, 0, 1;

--Reading how many files available
IF (@logFileType = 1) --SQL Server Error Log
BEGIN
    SET @NumberOfLogfiles =
    (
        SELECT COUNT(*)
        FROM @FileList
        WHERE [@FileList].subdirectory LIKE N'ERRORLOG%'
    );
END;
ELSE --SQL Server Agent Error Log
BEGIN
    SET @NumberOfLogfiles =
    (
        SELECT COUNT(*)
        FROM @FileList
        WHERE [@FileList].subdirectory LIKE N'SQLAGENT%'
    );
END;

--Iterate through each log files
WHILE (@logno < @NumberOfLogfiles)
BEGIN
    INSERT INTO #errorLog
    EXEC master.dbo.xp_readerrorlog @logno,
                                    @logFileType,
                                    @searchString1,
                                    @searchString2,
                                    @start,
                                    @end,
                                    NULL;
    SET @logno = @logno + 1;
END;

-- Reading the data
SELECT *
FROM #errorLog
ORDER BY CASE
             WHEN @sortOrder = 'desc' THEN
                 LogDate
         END DESC,
         CASE
             WHEN @sortOrder = 'asc' THEN
                 LogDate
         END;

Good luck to everyone in business and life.

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Yavuz Selim Kart

I try to explain what I know in software and database. I am still improving myself by doing research on many programming languages. Apart from these, I am also interested in Graphic Design and Wordpress. I also have knowledge about SEO and Social media management. In short, I am a determined person who likes to work hard.

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